The big tower

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The square Tower consists of two stories. Meanwhile its pyramidal top is a mere saying not supported by any proof. One can enter it through a small flight of stairs leading to the main entrance that was tightly locked by two doors, the ruins of which are still evident on the entrance stones.

We enter the Tower through stairs that are divided into two flights, reconnected at the top of the first storey. Inside is a room locked by a sliding door. One notices openings in the walls of the Tower and in every direction. These were used to surveil the entire site.

Two Greek inscriptions were found in the Tower. They indicate that the inhabitants of the region dedicated this building to Emperor Tiberius Claudius in 43 A.D. The inscriptions shed a light upon a historical state dominated by conflicts in the East during the Roman occupation in the first century A.D.

Therefore, we do not know whether Faqra stayed under the control of Agrippa, King of Chalcis in the Bekaa, or was a part of the Beirut or Jbeil regions, or in fact stayed under the control of Tiberius Claudius, as an occupied territory. Faqra inhabitants, in this historical context, built this tower on their own expense and the expense of the Big Temple.

Furthermore, dedicating this site to Claudis protected him from the struggles that troubled the East thus, the Tower was protected from robbery and destruction. The position of the Tower, as well as its architecture, give it several functions, the most important of which are: a center for surveillance and signaling, a fortified vault to conserve the riches of the religious temples.

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